A beforehand unseen command-and-control (C2) framework known as PhonyC2 has been attributed to the Iranian state-sponsored group MuddyWater.
The custom-made, and constantly creating PhonyC2 was utilized by the menace actor to use the log4j vulnerability within the Israeli SysAid software program, the assault towards Technion, an Israeli establishment, and the continuing assault towards the PaperCut print administration software program, in line with a report by Deep Instinct.
„In the beginning of Could 2023, Microsoft’s Twitter submit talked about that they had noticed MuddyWater exploiting CVE-2023-27350 within the PaperCut print administration software program,“ Deep Intuition mentioned in its report, including that whereas Microsoft didn’t share any new indicators, they famous that MuddyWater was utilizing instruments from prior intrusions to hook up with their C2 infrastructure and referenced their weblog on the Technion hack, which the researchers already established was utilizing PhonyC2.
„About the identical time, Sophos printed indicators from numerous PaperCut intrusions they’ve seen. Deep Intuition discovered that two IP addresses from these intrusions are PhonyC2 servers based mostly on URL patterns,“ Deep Intuition mentioned.
MuddyWater has been energetic since 2017 and is usually believed to be a subordinate unit inside Iran’s Ministry of Intelligence and Safety. Its prime targets embody Turkey, Pakistan, the UAE, Iraq, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, the US, Azerbaijan, and Afghanistan. The group primarily conducts cyberespionage actions and mental property (IP) theft assaults; on some events, they’ve deployed ransomware on targets.
Three malicious PowerShell scripts that have been part of the archive of PhonyC2_v6.zip have been recognized in April by Deep Intuition.